Sessions 1 :Gastrointestinal & Liver Pathology
Gastrointestinal Pathology is a recognized sub-specialty discipline of surgical pathology, it determines quality diagnostic histopathology on gastrointestinal endoscopic biopsies and resections of the gastrointestinal and pancreatico-biliary systems. Liver disease can occur through several mechanisms. A common form of liver disease is viral infection; viral hepatitides such as Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus can be vertically transmitted during birth via contact with infected blood. This session discuss more about Gastrointestinal and Liver Pathology
Sessions 2 :Cancer Cytopathology
The objective of Cancer Cytopathology is to make a scientific study on cancer and related oncologic disciplines concerned with the etiology and course of human cancer and its diagnosis and prevention. Cytopathology is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level. The discipline was founded by George Nicolas Papanicolaou in 1928. Cytopathology is generally used on samples of free cells or tissue fragments, in contrast to histopathology which studies whole tissues. Cancer cytopathology discusses the important differences in anal and cervical cancer regarding the populations at risk, disease natural history, and clinical procedures and outcomes that need to be considered when evaluating strategies for anal cancer screening. They also performed a systematic review and meta analysis of the performance of anal cytology, anal HPV testing, and various biomarkers for the detection of anal precancers and cancers
Sessions 3 :Anatomical & Forensic Pathology
Anatomical pathology is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the gross, microscopic, chemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs, tissues and whole bodies as in a general examination or an autopsy. Anatomical pathology is itself divided into subfields the main divisions being surgical pathology, cytopathology, and forensic pathology. Anatomical pathology is one of two main divisions of the medical practice of pathology, the other being clinical pathology, the diagnosis of disease through the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids and tissues. Forensic pathology focuses on determining the cause of death by post-mortem examination of a corpse or partial remains. An autopsy is typically performed by a coroner or medical examiner, often during criminal investigations; in this role, coroners and medical examiners are also frequently asked to confirm the identity of a corpse.
Sessions 4 :Breast Pathology
The involvement of pathologists in the management of breast disease is divided into four main areas: Diagnosis, Assessment of adequacy of treatment and prognosis, effective communication and research. This session is aimed to provide pathologists with a comprehensive review and update of the pathologic diagnosis and clinical significance of benign, in situ and malignant lesions of the breast. Material is presented in lecture format by leading experts in the field of breast pathology and related clinical disciplines.
Sessions 5 :Immunopathology
Immunopathology is a branch of clinical pathology that deals with an organism's immune response to a certain disease. When a foreign antigen enters the body, there is either an antigen specific or nonspecific response to it. These responses are the immune system fighting off the foreign antigens whether they are deadly or not. Immunopathology could refer to how the foreign antigens cause the immune system to have a response or problems that can arise from an organism's own immune response on itself. The problems that arise from each type vary from small allergic reactions to more serious illnesses such as tuberculosis or arthritis. The second kind of complication in the immune system is Autoimmunity where the immune system would attack itself rather than the antigen. The immune system's ability to combat it is either hindered or completely absent. Diseases that can cause immunodeficiency include HIV, AIDS and leukemia.
Sessions 6 :Comparative Pathology
Comparative Pathology is the study of human disease processes in comparison with those of other animals. It is a field of science which compares specific human pathologies with those seen in natural animal models such as diabetes insipidus in Brattleboro rats, which do not produce vasopressin. Over recent years there has been renewed interest in the synergy between animal and human diseases emerging from the study of receptors, mediators and genes common to both.35,36 However, few pathologists have attempted critical and systematic reviews of animal and human diseases.
Sessions 7 :Chemical Pathology
Chemical pathology also known as clinical biochemistry involves the biochemical investigation of bodily fluids such as blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. By discovering how and where the body's chemistry has changed, diseases can be diagnosed and monitored. Many illnesses are reflected in a disturbance in the body's chemistry. By understanding the chemistry of bodily fluids and monitoring, these chemical pathologists can diagnose diseases and recommend treatment. For example high glucose levels in blood may be a sign of diabetes. Diabetes can cause eye and kidney disease, and can cause blood vessels to narrow, resulting in heart disease and poor circulation.
Sessions 8 :Renal Pathology
Renal pathology is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology that deals with the diagnosis and characterization of medical diseases of the kidneys. Renal pathologists work closely with nephrologists and transplant surgeons, who typically obtain diagnostic specimens via percutaneous renal biopsy. The kidneys are often targeted by pathogenic immune responses against renal auto antigens or by local manifestations of systemic autoimmunity. For the diagnosis renal pathologists use special tests and electron microscopes to detect the cells involved in diseases affecting the kidneys. Kidney biopsies permit us to analyze renal disorders; review anticipations; help in the resolve of a precise restorative approach; and screen ailment movement in both local and allograft transplant kidneys.
Sessions 9 :Hematopathology
Hematopathology is the study of diseases and disorders affecting blood cells including constituents such as white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets and their production; and any organs and tissues involved in hematopoiesis, such as bone marrow, the spleen, the lymph nodes, other lymphoid tissues, and thymus. Diagnoses and treatment of diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma often deal with hematopathology; techniques and technologies include flow cytometry studies and immunohistochemistry.
Sessions 10 :Surgical Pathology
Surgical pathology involves the gross and microscopic examination of surgical specimens as well as biopsies. Often an excised tissue sample is the best and most definitive evidence of disease in cases where tissue is surgically removed from a patient. There are two major types of specimens submitted for surgical pathology analysis: biopsies and surgical resections. A biopsy is a small piece of tissue removed primarily for surgical pathology analysis; most often in order to render a definitive diagnosis. The pathologist's interpretation of a biopsy is critical to establishing the diagnosis of a benign or malignant tumor, and can differentiate between different types and grades of cancer, as well as determining the activity of specific molecular pathways in the tumor. This session discusses more about surgical pathology and the latest trends, developments in its research.
Sessions 11 :Psycopathology
The scientific discipline of psychopathology was founded by Karl Jaspers in 1913. It was referred to as static understanding and its purpose was to graphically recreate the mental phenomenon experienced by the client. The study of psychopathology is interdisciplinary with contributions coming from clinical, social, and developmental psychology as well as neuropsychology and other psychology sub-disciplines such as psychiatry; neuroscience generally; nursing; social work; sociology; epidemiology; statistics; and more. It studies mental disorders including their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes like nosology to improve treatment planning and outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.
Sessions 12 :Clinical Pathology
Clinical pathology is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids such as blood and urine as well as tissues using the tools of chemistry, clinical microbiology, hematology and molecular pathology. Immunopathology which is the study of an organism's immune response to infection is sometimes considered to fall within the domain of clinical pathology. This session largely discusses the current research and developments in the feld of Clinical Pathology.
Sessions 13 :Diagnostic Pathology
Diagnostic Pathology is concerned with the studies on research in surgical and clinical pathology, immunology, and biology with a special focus on cutting-edge approaches in diagnostic pathology and tissue-based therapies. It deals with all aspects of surgical pathology including classic diagnostic pathology, prognosis-related diagnosis of tumor stages, prognosis markers, such as MIB-percentage, hormone receptors, etc and therapy-related findings. It also focuses on the technological aspects of pathology, including molecular biology techniques, morphometry aspects such as stereology, DNA analysis, syntactic structure analysis, virtual microscopy etc
Sessions 14 :Digital Pathology
Digital pathology is an image-based information environment which is enabled by computer technology that allows for the management of information generated from a digital slide. It is enabled in part by virtual microscopy which converts glass slides into digital slides that can be viewed, managed, shared and analyzed on a computer monitor. Digital pathology has been approved by the FDA for primary diagnosis. The approval was based on a multi-center study of 1,992 cases in which whole-slide imaging was shown to be superior to microscopy across a wide range of surgical pathology specimens, sample types and stains. The ROI on digital pathology equipment is less obvious. The strongest ROI justification includes improved quality of healthcare, increased efficiency for pathologists, and reduced costs in handling glass slides.
Sessions 15 :Microbial Pathology
Microbial Pathology is the large sub-field of medical microbiology. It is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. There are four kinds of microorganisms that cause infectious diseases such as bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses, and one type of infectious protein called prion. Microbiological pathology is concerned with the study of these diseases which has a diverse array of faculty studying microbial pathogenesis. From understanding the pathogen's ability to penetrate mucus to tracking the global spread of influenza, microbial pathology has developed unique and novel methods to understand this fascinating area.
Sessions 16 :Reproductive Pathology
Reproductive Pathology deals with testicular and ovarian focusing predominantly on neoplasms although not all clinically important pathologic processes of these organs are neoplastic. The majority of testicular tumors are derived from germ cells, and the majority of ovarian tumors are derived from surface epithelial cells. Many germ cell tumors in the testes and in the ovaries share common features. Reproductive Pathology further focuses on testicular tumors, squamous cell carcinoma of the penis, prostatic pathology including benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic adenocarcinoma, tumors of the vagina, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia as a precursor of squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, amenorrhea, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine pathology including endometrial hyperplasia and endometrioid adenocarcinoma, ovarian pathology including neoplasms, various disorders of pregnancy, and breast pathology including non-neoplastic and neoplastic diseases. With many of the benign lesions, their importance lies in their associated risk of later development of invasive carcinoma.
Sessions 17 :Dermatopathology
One of the greatest challenges of dermatopathology is its scope. More than 1500 different disorders of the skin exist, including cutaneous eruptions or rashes and neoplasms. Dermatopathology focuses on the skin and the rest of the integumentary system as an organ. All general pathologists and general dermatologists train in the pathology of the skin so the term dermatopathologist denotes either of these who has reached a certainly level of accreditation and experience. Dermatologists are able to recognize most skin diseases based on their appearances, anatomic distributions, and behavior. Sometimes those criteria do not lead to a conclusive diagnosis, and a skin biopsy is taken to be examined under the microscope using usual histological tests. So additional specialized testing are needed to be performed on biopsies immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, flow cytometry, and molecular-pathologic analysis.
Sessions 18 :Veterinary Pathology
Veterinary medicine deals with the diagnosis of diseases through the examination of animal tissue and body fluids. Veterinary pathology is divided into two branches anatomical pathology and clinical pathology. Other than the diagnosis of disease in food-producing animals, companion animals, zoo animals and wildlife, veterinary pathologists also have an important role in drug discovery and safety as well as scientific research. Anatomical pathology is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the gross examination, microscopic, and molecular examination of organs, tissues, and whole bodies necropsy.
Sessions 19 :Neuropathology
Neuropathology is the study of disease of nervous system tissue in the form of surgical biopsies or whole brains in the case of autopsy. It is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology, neurology, and neurosurgery. If a disease of the nervous system is suspected and the diagnosis cannot be made by less invasive methods; a biopsy of nervous tissue is taken from the brain or spinal cord to aid in diagnosis. Biopsy is usually requested after a mass is detected by medical imaging. With autopsies, neuropathology helps in the post-mortem diagnosis of various conditions that affect the central nervous system. Biopsies can also consist of the skin. Epidermal nerve fiber density testing is a more recently developed neuropathology test in which a punch skin biopsy is taken to identify small fiber neuropathies by analyzing the nerve fibers of the skin.
Sessions 20 :Plant Pathology
Plant pathology involves the study of pathogen identification, disease etiology, disease cycles, economic impact, plant disease epidemiology, plant disease resistance, how plant diseases affect humans and animals, pathosystem genetics, and management of plant diseases. Plant pathology is the scientific study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens or infectious organisms and environmental conditions such as physiological factors. Organisms that cause infectious disease include fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus-like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants. The pathogens and their mechanics differ greatly from those of animals plants are subject to a wide variety of diseases including those caused by fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus-like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants. The field is deeply connected to plant disease epidemiology and the horticulture of species that are of high importance to the human diet or other uses.
Sessions 21 :Histopathology
Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of various forms of human tissue. In clinical medicine histopathology refers to the examination of a biopsy or surgical specimen by a pathologist after the specimen has been processed and histological sections have been placed onto glass slides. This contrasts with the methods of cytopathology which uses free cells or tissue fragments. Histopathological examination of tissues starts with surgery, biopsy, or autopsy. The tissue is removed from the body of an organism and then placed in a fixative that stabilizes the tissues to prevent decay. The most common fixative is formalin although frozen section fixing is also common. To see the tissue under a microscope the sections are stained with one or more pigments. The aim of staining is to reveal cellular components; counterstains are used to provide contrast.
Sessions 22 :Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology
Gynecologic and Obstetrics Pathology is the medical pathology subspecialty dealing with the study and diagnosis of disease involving the female genital tract, studies on endometrial, ovarian, and cervical cancers; perinatal and newborns. It provides high-quality diagnostic pathology services by superb pathologists with subspecialty training in gynecologic pathology; it furthers the understanding of gynecologic and obstetrics processes to create better diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment approaches for gynecologic and obstetrics conditions. Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology evaluates gynecologic perinatal specimens, which investigations help further our understanding of clinical observations.